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She diagnosed the disease as...
diabetesany of several metabolic disorders characterized by abnormally high glucose levels in the blood and marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
He was diagnosed with Type II diabetes.
insulina hormone produced in the pancreas which controls sugar levels in the blood
a hormone replacement medicine used to treat diabetes
Insulin injections are used to treat some forms of diabetes.
TBan infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small sores in the lungs
Antibiotic resistant TB is a growing problem.
embryoan animal organism in the early stages of growth; in humans the first eight weeks of pregnancy (prior to the fetal stage)
The doctor implanted multiple embryos to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy.
radiationparticles emitted by nuclear decay (i.e., particles smaller than an atom that are sent out due to radioactivity)
Ionizing radiation has enough energy to ionize atoms or molecules.
contractto get — especially in reference to a disease
other common meaning(s) — as in: contract the disease
She contracted an STD (sexually transmitted disease).
The Environmental Protection Agency Administrator has degrees in biology and pathology.
She suffers paralysis of her legs.
These maps are drawn with north to the top unless otherwise indicated.
morbidunhealthy or related to disease — especially of a serious long-term illness
other common meaning(s) — as in: morbidly obese
Morbid obesity is sometimes defined as being more than 100 pounds above average weight for the same height.
vaccinea substance (such as weakened or dead a disease-causing microorganism) injected into a person or animal to stimulate the production of antibodies to protect against a disease
Researchers are looking for an HIV vaccine.
speciesa similar group of animals or plants identified as separate from others because they can interbreed (create baby animals) with each other
It is an endangered species.
parasiticof a species that lives on (or in) another species and eats from it without providing return benefit
a person who lives off others’ efforts without providing return benefit to them
She picked up a parasitic infection while in Africa.
essentialabsolutely necessary; or of the greatest importance
the defining or most important aspect of something
The essential feature of the pen is that it writes so consistently.
virusa submicroscopic organism that causes disease (by using the cellular reproductive machinery of the organism it invades) — in biology
The common cold is caused by a virus.
bacteriamicroorganisms (living creatures so small it takes a microscope to see them) that can both cause disease and be beneficial.
The infection is caused by a bacteria that is resistant to antibiotics.
anatomythe medical study of the structure of the body — as in "to study anatomy"
or more rarely: the structure of a body — as in "a part of the anatomy"
or still more rarely: any detailed analysis — as in "anatomy of the disaster"
The anatomy of the frog is similar to that of a person.
typhoida serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration; caused by contaminated food or water
Typhoid fever infects millions of people annually.
malariaa tropical disease spread by mosquitoes that, while nonexistent in wealthy nations, strikes hundreds of millions of people a year in developing nations — killing over a million each year
more technically: an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito; marked by paroxysms of chills and fever
Malaria is one of the areas of focus for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
immunenot susceptible to something — especially a disease; i.e., not in danger of suffering from it
or relating to disease resistance
She is immune to chickenpox because she has been vaccinated.
I asked for a therapeutic massage, but it really hurt.
syndromea pattern of symptoms associated with an illness; or any recognizable pattern — especially when undesirable
She suffers from Asperger syndrome.
We use a local anesthetic so you won’t feel pain, but will remain conscious.
nucleusthe center (or most important part) of something — such as:
They have the nucleus of a good team.
The doctor prescribed Adrenalin.
pneumoniarespiratory disease characterized by inflammation and accumulation of fluid in the lungs; caused by infectious agents (e.g., viruses or bacteria) or by inhalation of certain irritants
A mild case of pneumonia is sometimes referred to as "walking pneumonia."
The company has been managing anemic growth.
symposiuma gathering to discuss a specific subject — generally with shared and breakout sessions in which individual or panels of experts address audiences
I’m excited to attend the symposium on robotics.
At $50 a share, it is equivalent to about a billion dollars.
asthmaa common respiratory (lung) disorder characterized by wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and sometimes coughing
Asthma is the leading cause of hospitalization in children.
plasmathe liquid portion of blood
other common meaning(s) — as in: The Red Cross delivered plasma
Most people have about 5 liters of blood, 3 liters of which is plasma.
geologya science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
or more rarely:
the rocks, minerals, and rock formations of an area
He majored in geology and went on to become expert at finding oil.
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)cell structures that transmit genetic information which determines inherited traits such as hair color or height
DNA evidence led to her arrest and conviction
visceralrelating to or affecting the viscera (internal organs)
other common meaning(s) — as in: visceral muscles
A sedentary life has lead to excessive visceral fat.
spraininjury to the ligaments of a joint caused by stretching them too far — most commonly injuring the ankle
(ligaments are the tough, fibrous bands that connect bones across joints)
She sprained her ankle.
induceto cause something to arise or happen
other common meaning(s) — as in: induce symptoms
She was suffering from alcohol-induced stupidity.
mortalitythe quality of being mortal (subject to death)
death rate — often given per 1,000 people per year
His death made me aware of my own mortality.
AIDSa serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through bodily fluids especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
Many people who spread AIDS are unaware that they have HIV.
epidemica widespread outbreak of a disease that is passed from one person (or other organism) to another
or more rarely: anything that spreads quickly — especially something bad
Doctors are concerned about an epidemic outbreak of influenza this year.
genea single segment of DNA which when combined determine inherited traits such as hair color or height
The gene determines hair color.
deciduoustending to fall off — typically of plants that shed leaves at the end of the growing season
or much more rarely: of teeth, antlers, and scales shed at the end of a period of growth
the eastern deciduous forests
acutesharp (a severely negative event) — often with a rapid onset
other common meaning(s) — as in: acute pain
She felt an acute pain in her neck.
photosynthesisthe process by which plants and other things make food (such as sugars) from carbon dioxide by using the energy of the sunlight
Nature helps to remove carbon from the atmosphere via photosynthesis.
The storm abated.
abstracta summary; or to summarize — especially academic writing
other common meaning(s) — as in: read the abstract
The abstract is free, but there is a fee to see the entire article.
accommodationsphysical space — especially a place where travellers can stay
other common meaning(s) — as in: hotel accommodations
Overnight accommodations are available.
acridharsh or caustic — physically as when smoke from burning rubber might irritate the throat; or metaphorically as when someone says something that is especially sarcastic
We were chased from the room by the acrid smoke.
the worms help to aerate the soil
She’s an affable, never-met-someone-she-didn’t-like kind of woman.
She thinks deeply and has an affinity for others with the same kind of mind.
aggravateannoy or irritate
other common meaning(s) — as in: he aggravates me
She is the most aggravating person I know.
She died of a heart ailment.
She completed each assignment with alacrity.
He alluded to Susan without mentioning her name.
the patient is ambulatory.
The drug ameliorates the toxic effects of chemotherapy.
Her art is as amorphous as the culture it reflects.
Her autobiography is sprinkled with amusing anecdotes.
the anodyne properties of certain drugs
the inherent antagonism of capitalism and socialism
antiseptica substance used to clean wounds because it prevents infection by killing harmful micro-organisms such as bacteria
or more rarely when used as an adjective: describing something as thoroughly clean and free of micro-organisms
I washed the wound and then used alcohol as an antiseptic.
She often quotes St. Augustine’s aphorism, "Love the sinner and hate the sin."
She is not motivated by popular approbation.
askewnot straight (not in proper alignment)
(when used metaphorically) not right, or not as planned
She came out of the water with her glasses askew but still on her head.
She is an assiduous student who expects to earn A’s.
astringenta drug that causes contraction of body tissues — especially topically
other common meaning(s) — as in: treat with an astringent
I use an astringent where my skin is oily.
asyluma shelter from danger or hardship
other common meaning(s) — as in: she sought asylum in...
She sought political asylum in the US due to persecution at home.
Muscles that are not used will quickly atrophy.
attributeto credit (a source for something) — such as:
other common meaning(s) — as in: I attribute it to...
She attributed this quotation to Shakespeare.
audiblecapable of being heard — as in: barely audible
She spoke in a barely audible whisper.
Our school district hired a new counselor to augment our college counseling service.
She predicts benign economic conditions through next year.
a bland diet
bovinebelonging or related to the genus Bos (cattle, oxen, buffalo, etc.); or stupid and slow-moving like an ox
She showed a bovine apathy.
The problem with the Fannie Mae and its GSE brethren is...
briefto give a summary of important information to someone
more common meaning(s) — as in: briefed her
The reporters were briefed about the President’s plan to invade.
She is known for her brusque manner and brief meetings.
A cadaver is assigned to each medical student.
She carries a capacious bag.
Carnivorous plants are capable of trapping and digesting insects.
causticof a chemical substance: corrosive; capable of destroying or eating away such as a strong acid
of a person: sarcastic, critical, or harsh
Don’t get it on your skin. It’s caustic.
cerebralrelating to the brain — especially the cerebrum (front of the brain)
involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct
Moderate exercise increases cerebral blood volume which improves thinking.
An unusual pattern of sudden, effortless smoking cessation in long-term smokers may indicate the onset of lung cancer.
She’s a charlatan and a cheat.
A choleric cop blew his top.
chronic back pain
I will not let their expectations circumscribe how I live my life.
The blood began to coagulate.
compendiuma list of items or a collection — especially a publication containing a variety of works
a concise but comprehensive summary of a subject area
RegretTheError.com publishes a regularly updated compendium of mistakes reported in the news media.
She deducts points if the paper is not concise enough.
They considered consanguineous marriages up to the third cousin as incest.
Following the French Revolution, a contagion of upheaval spread across Europe.
It’s hard to follow her convoluted reasoning.
She took copious notes.
cordialshowing warm and heartfelt friendliness — as in: a cordial reception
The countries share a long border and have cordial relations.
The headline read: Appeals Court Says Corpulent Cop Can Keep His Job
The detectives looked for evidence to corroborate her story.
corrosivedamaging or harmful — such as when describing a strong acid or bad behavior
or (more rarely):
something causing damage or harm — such as a strong acid
Titanium is resistant to the corrosive effect.
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